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酸性水溶肥在南疆无膜棉上的应用效果比较
刘强,李慧琴,王冀川,石元强,陈雪梅,万亚楠,王潭刚
0
(塔里木大学植物科学学院;新疆生产建设兵团第三师农业科学研究所)
摘要:
通过田间小区试验,研究了两种酸性滴灌配肥对无膜棉生长、生理功能及产量等的影响,结果表明:F1配肥处理[“绿多利”牌酸性水溶配肥:尿素690kg/hm2、高磷肥(16-35-8+TE)510kg/hm2、高钾肥(8-20-25+TE)225kg/hm2]较F2配肥处理[“肥帝溉”牌酸性水溶配肥:尿素725.5kg/hm2,肥帝溉(10-38-10)382.5kg/hm2,农用硫酸钾(0-52-0)240kg/hm2]在产量及产量构成因素方面有明显的提升,其中中19品种产量最高达到5 360.74kg/hm2,较F2配肥处理增产16.35%。F1处理平均产量5 063.42kg/hm2,较F2处理增加9.52%,增效3 250.43元/hm2。结论:F1配肥具有一定的增产增效作用,值得南疆无膜棉区推广施用。
关键词:  酸性水溶肥  无膜棉  产量
DOI:
投稿时间:2021-09-15修订日期:2021-09-16
基金项目:南京农业大学-塔里木大学联合基金项目(KYLH201901);第三师图木舒克市科技计划项目(YJ2019CX05);兵团师域发展创新支持计划项目。
Comparison of Application Effects of Acid Water-soluble Fertilizer on Film-free Cotton in Southern Xinjiang
,,WANG Jichuan
(College of Plant Science,Tarim University,Alar)
Abstract:
Through the field plot experiment, the effects of two kinds of acid drip irrigation fertilizer on the growth, physiological function and yield of film-free cotton were studied. The results showed that the yield and it’s components of F1 fertilizer treatment ["Lvduoli" brand acid water-soluble fertilizer: urea 690kg/hm2, high phosphorus fertilizer (16-35-8+TE) 510kg/hm2, high potassium fertilizer (8-20-25+TE) 225kg/hm2] were significantly improved compared with F2 fertilizer treatment ["Feidigai brand acid water-soluble fertilizer: urea 725.5kg/hm2, feidigai (10-38-10) 382.5kg/hm2, and agricultural potassium sulfate (0-52-0) 240kg/hm2]. The yield of Zhong 19 was up to 5 360.74kg/hm2, which was 16.35% higher than F2 fertilizer treatment. The average yield of F1 treatment was 5 063.42kg/hm2, increased by 9.52% compared with F2 treatment, and the efficiency increased by 3 250.43 yuan/hm2. Conclusion: F1 fertilizer has a certain effect of increasing yield and efficiency, which is worthy of popularization and application in film-free cotton area in Southern Xinjiang.
Key words:  acid water soluble fertilizer  film free cotton  yield

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