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云南地区白及种子直播育苗技术
冯垒,马春花,周永利,李金生,闫静,张广辉
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(云南农业大学西南中药材种质创新与利用国家地方联合工程研究中心;云南煜欣农林生物科技有限公司)
摘要:
为解决无菌环境下白及(Biltilla striata)育种成本高的问题及提高西南亚热带地区优质白及的生产效率,本研究在有菌的环境下自然培育白及,实现白及生产规模化,高效育苗,有利于保护白及野生资源,减少对自然资源的破坏,移栽后使白及快速的适应自然环境,成本低廉,增值率高,方便简单,大大降低了育苗的成本,推广价值高。本研究包括如下步骤:配置育苗基质、苗床整理、种子直播、播种后管理、生产田整理、移栽。
关键词:  白及  种子直播  种苗繁育  田间管理
DOI:
投稿时间:2020-09-27修订日期:2020-09-27
基金项目:云南省重大科技专项(2017AB002) *
Seed Direct Sowing And Seedling Cultivation Method Of Bletilla Striata In Southwest China
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Abstract:
In order to solve the problem of high breeding cost of Bletilla striata in a sterile environment and improve the production efficiency of high-quality Bletilla striata in the southwest subtropical region, this study naturally cultivated Bletilla striata in a bacterial environment to achieve large-scale production of Bletilla striata and efficient seedling cultivation, which is beneficial Protect the wild resources of Bletilla striata, reduce the damage to natural resources, after transplanting, make Bletilla striata quickly adapt to the natural environment, with low cost, high value-added rate, convenience and simplicity, greatly reducing the cost of raising seedlings, and high promotion value. This research includes the following steps: configuration of seedling substrate, seedbed arrangement, seed live broadcast, management after sowing, production field arrangement, and transplanting.
Key words:  Bletilla striata  Direct seeding  Seedling propagation  Field management

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