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物联网工程技术在中国农业中的应用:现状、问题和挑战
章玮
0
(香港科技大学工学院电子及计算机系)
摘要:
物联网是现代信息技术集成的结果,是当前信息技术开发与应用的制高点,其连接着比互联网更多的物品,具有更全面的感知、更深入的智能化、更广泛的信息共享及更真实的互联互通。农业物联网是物联网工程技术在农业生产、经营管理与服务中的具体应用,应用涵盖多个农业领域及农业生产的各个环节,包括环境资源的监测、农业生产活动的精确管理、水利灌溉的监控、农产品溯源及农产品物流等。与发达国家比较,中国农业物联网的发展在核心技术的开发、技术标准的制定、网络安全及高效率应用等方面还存诸多的不足。文章提出从加强农业物联网软硬件技术的研究、强化农业物联网人才队伍建设、加速推进农业物联网标准的制定、加强农业物联网发展战略研究与农业物联网示范应用及引导多类型资本的投入、培育全产业链共赢的商业模式等方面加强中国农业物联系网建设的建议,以推动中国农业物联网健康、快速发展。
关键词:  物联网工程技术  农业物联网  中国  发展现状  问题  建议
DOI:
投稿时间:2019-01-09修订日期:2019-01-21
基金项目:
Application of Engineering Technology of the Internet of Things in China
()
Abstract:
The internet of things is an integration of new generation of information technology, it connects more things than the internet, and has a more comprehensive perception, more in-depth intelligence, more extensive information sharing and interconnection. It is also becoming the commanding heights of information technology development and application. Agricultural internet of things is a specific application of the engineering technology of the internet of things in agricultural production, operation, management and service. Its application in China"s agricultural field covers many fields, and almost runs through the whole process of agricultural production, including agricultural resources and environment monitoring, fine management of various agricultural production, block control for irrigation of rural water conservancy, and traceability of agricultural product quality and logistics of agricultural products. However, compared with the developed countries, the development of China"s agricultural internet of things still has obvious deficiencies in the development of core technologies, technical standards, network security and high efficiency. Therefore, this paper puts forward to strengthen the technical research on software and hardware of the agricultural internet of things, the construction of the personnel team of the agricultural internet of things, and the research on the development strategy of the national agricultural internet of things and the demonstration of the application of the agricultural internet of things, accelerate the formulation of the standards of the agricultural internet of things, and strengthen guide the investment of various types of capital, and cultivate the win-win business of the entire industrial chain models for promoting the healthy and rapid development of China"s agricultural internet of things.
Key words:  engineering technology of the internet of things  agricultural Internet of things  China  development status  problems  suggestions

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