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无纺布覆盖对烤烟生长发育及产质量的影响
王丽萍1杨悦章2王学瑛1王川1徐海清1姚学鹏1曹亚凡3蔡宪杰3薛琳1*
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(1安徽皖南烟叶有限责任公司,安徽宣城242000;2华环国际烟草有限公司;3上海烟草集团有限责任公司)
摘要:
为探讨无纺布在烤烟种植中的应用前景,以云烟97为材料,研究了不同覆盖材料对烟叶农艺性状、产质量的影响。结果表明,覆盖无纺布具有与覆盖地膜同等的促进烟叶生长发育的作用,能够显著提高上等烟比例,增加烟叶的经济效益;覆盖无纺布处理的烟叶外观质量优于覆盖地膜处理,化学成分更趋协调.
关键词:  烤烟  无纺布  覆盖  质量  产量
DOI:
基金项目:上海烟草集团有限责任公司“提升烟叶质量均质化的关键生产技术研究与推广”(20183100001-40875);“皖南植烟土壤肥力变异特征与水肥一体化精准调控技术研究”(20183100001-40812)。
Effects of Nonwoven Fabric Mulch on Growth,Quality and Yield of Flue-cured Tobacco
WANG Li-ping 1 YANG Yue-zhang2 WANG Xue-ying1 WANG Chuan 1 XU Hai-qing 1 YAO Xue-peng 1 CAO Ya-fan 3 CAI Xian-jie 3 XUE Lin 1*
(1 Anhui Wannan Tobacco Co.,Ltd.,Xuancheng Anhui 242000; 2 Huahuan International Tobacco Co.,Ltd.; 3 Shanghai Tobacco Group LLC.)
Abstract:
Taking Yunyan 97 as test material,a field experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of different mulching materials on agronomic characters,yield and quality of tobacco leaves,in order to explore the application prospect of nonwoven fabrics in flue-cured tobacco planting.The results showed that nonwoven fabric mulch has the same function as film mulch to promote the growth and development of tobacco leaves.It can significantly improve the proportion of superior tobacco leaves and increase the economic benefits.The quality and chemical composition of tobacco leaves treated with nonwoven fabric were better than that treated with film.
Key words:  flue-cured tobacco  nonwoven fabric  mulch  quality  yield

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